Fever often appears along with other symptoms, such as nausea, cough, nasal congestion, sore throat, joint pain, chills, and so on. However, do not immediately think of a fever as a severe disease and rush to treat it. Most fevers have benefits and help the body fight infection.
What Is A Fever?
Fever is a sign that the immune system is working against viral, bacterial, fungal, or other foreign substances that enter the body. The reason for handling fever is only to relieve discomfort. The cause of fever itself is very diverse, depending on the condition of each patient.
The normal body temperature in each person is different. Commonly, the body temperature is said to be above normal when it reaches 37 degrees Celsius through oral measurements, or 37.2 degrees Celsius when measured through the anus.
Fever is called mild if the body temperature has not reached 38 degrees Celsius. At this time, fever does not need to treat because it is the body’s natural effort to ward off viral and bacterial infections that cannot survive in high temperatures.
Fever more than 38 degrees Celsius requires immediate treatment. Fever that reaches 40 degrees Celsius or higher considered as a dangerous condition and should be given immediate medical assistance. Fever above 40 degrees Celsius can be causing brain function disorders and seizures, especially in infants and children.
Choosing the Right Fever Medication
When get fever, it is advisable to use thin clothing. Avoid thick and layered clothing, because it can be triggering an increase in temperature. Wash your body with warm water to help reduce fever, avoid cold water, ice water, or alcohol. Also avoid caffeinated or alcoholic drinks, because these types of drinks can trigger dehydration. Drink plenty of water when you have a fever.
Here are some choices of fever medicines that can be used:
Paracetamol (Tempra, Tylenol, Panadol)
This drug is a fever medicine, as well as relieve other symptoms such as headaches, toothaches, back pain, and other pain. Generally, paracetamol is sold freely, whether in the form of tablets, syrup, or others.
See the packaging label for dosage usage. Do not use adult paracetamol drugs for children.
Do not use this medicine for more than 3 days without consulting a doctor.
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Q-Profen)
Besides paracetamol, ibuprofen is also a fever medicine that is widely used. This medicine is also used as a pain reliever during toothaches, headaches, muscle aches, flu-related pain, and stomach cramps during menstruation.
Ibuprofen suppressing the production of certain natural substances that cause inflammation so that it can help relieve fever, pain, or swelling.
Ibuprofen should be taken according to a doctor’s recommendation, and generally every 4-6 hours.
Aspirin (Bayer Aspirin, Ecotrin)
Aspirin is used to reduce fever and mild to moderate pain, such as headaches, toothaches, muscle aches, colds, and arthritis. The use of low-dose aspirin can also prevent blood clots (usually occurring after a surgical procedure), to reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. The use of aspirin in children under 12 years must always be consulted by a doctor.
Use a fever medication when body temperature reaches 38 degrees Celsius or more. If the fever does not go down or drag on, consult a doctor immediately.